我们可以通过编写一个yaml的配置清单来创建一个内容丰富的对象,而各种对象的都有些什么字段呢? 也就是都有哪些属性呢?我们可以通过explain来查看


[alvin@k8s1 ~]$ kubectl explain pods
KIND:     Pod

     Pod is a collection of containers that can run on a host. This resource is
     created by clients and scheduled onto hosts.

   apiVersion       <string>
     APIVersion defines the versioned schema of this representation of an
     object. Servers should convert recognized schemas to the latest internal
     value, and may reject unrecognized values. More info:

   kind     <string>
     Kind is a string value representing the REST resource this object
     represents. Servers may infer this from the endpoint the client submits
     requests to. Cannot be updated. In CamelCase. More info:

   metadata <Object>
     Standard object's metadata. More info:

   spec     <Object>
     Specification of the desired behavior of the pod. More info:

   status   <Object>
     Most recently observed status of the pod. This data may not be up to date.
     Populated by the system. Read-only. More info:



[alvin@k8s1 ~]$ kubectl explain pods.metadata
KIND:     Pod

RESOURCE: metadata <Object>

     Standard object's metadata. More info:

     ObjectMeta is metadata that all persisted resources must have, which
     includes all objects users must create.

   annotations      <map[string]string>
     Annotations is an unstructured key value map stored with a resource that
     may be set by external tools to store and retrieve arbitrary metadata. They
     are not queryable and should be preserved when modifying objects. More
     info: http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/annotations

   clusterName      <string>
     The name of the cluster which the object belongs to. This is used to
     distinguish resources with same name and namespace in different clusters.
     This field is not set anywhere right now and apiserver is going to ignore
     it if set in create or update request.

   creationTimestamp        <string>
     CreationTimestamp is a timestamp representing the server time when this
     object was created. It is not guaranteed to be set in happens-before order
     across separate operations. Clients may not set this value. It is
     represented in RFC3339 form and is in UTC. Populated by the system.
     Read-only. Null for lists. More info:

   deletionGracePeriodSeconds       <integer>
     Number of seconds allowed for this object to gracefully terminate before it
     will be removed from the system. Only set when deletionTimestamp is also
     set. May only be shortened. Read-only.

   deletionTimestamp        <string>
     DeletionTimestamp is RFC 3339 date and time at which this resource will be
     deleted. This field is set by the server when a graceful deletion is
     requested by the user, and is not directly settable by a client. The
     resource is expected to be deleted (no longer visible from resource lists,
     and not reachable by name) after the time in this field, once the
     finalizers list is empty. As long as the finalizers list contains items,
     deletion is blocked. Once the deletionTimestamp is set, this value may not
     be unset or be set further into the future, although it may be shortened or
     the resource may be deleted prior to this time. For example, a user may
     request that a pod is deleted in 30 seconds. The Kubelet will react by
     sending a graceful termination signal to the containers in the pod. After
     that 30 seconds, the Kubelet will send a hard termination signal (SIGKILL)
     to the container and after cleanup, remove the pod from the API. In the
     presence of network partitions, this object may still exist after this
     timestamp, until an administrator or automated process can determine the
     resource is fully terminated. If not set, graceful deletion of the object
     has not been requested. Populated by the system when a graceful deletion is
     requested. Read-only. More info:

   finalizers       <[]string>
     Must be empty before the object is deleted from the registry. Each entry is
     an identifier for the responsible component that will remove the entry from
     the list. If the deletionTimestamp of the object is non-nil, entries in
     this list can only be removed.

   generateName     <string>
     GenerateName is an optional prefix, used by the server, to generate a
     unique name ONLY IF the Name field has not been provided. If this field is
     used, the name returned to the client will be different than the name
     passed. This value will also be combined with a unique suffix. The provided
     value has the same validation rules as the Name field, and may be truncated
     by the length of the suffix required to make the value unique on the
     server. If this field is specified and the generated name exists, the
     server will NOT return a 409 - instead, it will either return 201 Created
     or 500 with Reason ServerTimeout indicating a unique name could not be
     found in the time allotted, and the client should retry (optionally after
     the time indicated in the Retry-After header). Applied only if Name is not
     specified. More info:

   generation       <integer>
     A sequence number representing a specific generation of the desired state.
     Populated by the system. Read-only.

   initializers     <Object>
     An initializer is a controller which enforces some system invariant at
     object creation time. This field is a list of initializers that have not
     yet acted on this object. If nil or empty, this object has been completely
     initialized. Otherwise, the object is considered uninitialized and is
     hidden (in list/watch and get calls) from clients that haven't explicitly
     asked to observe uninitialized objects. When an object is created, the
     system will populate this list with the current set of initializers. Only
     privileged users may set or modify this list. Once it is empty, it may not
     be modified further by any user.

   labels   <map[string]string>
     Map of string keys and values that can be used to organize and categorize
     (scope and select) objects. May match selectors of replication controllers
     and services. More info: http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/labels

   name     <string>
     Name must be unique within a namespace. Is required when creating
     resources, although some resources may allow a client to request the
     generation of an appropriate name automatically. Name is primarily intended
     for creation idempotence and configuration definition. Cannot be updated.
     More info: http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/identifiers#names

   namespace        <string>
     Namespace defines the space within each name must be unique. An empty
     namespace is equivalent to the "default" namespace, but "default" is the
     canonical representation. Not all objects are required to be scoped to a
     namespace - the value of this field for those objects will be empty. Must
     be a DNS_LABEL. Cannot be updated. More info:

   ownerReferences  <[]Object>
     List of objects depended by this object. If ALL objects in the list have
     been deleted, this object will be garbage collected. If this object is
     managed by a controller, then an entry in this list will point to this
     controller, with the controller field set to true. There cannot be more
     than one managing controller.

   resourceVersion  <string>
     An opaque value that represents the internal version of this object that
     can be used by clients to determine when objects have changed. May be used
     for optimistic concurrency, change detection, and the watch operation on a
     resource or set of resources. Clients must treat these values as opaque and
     passed unmodified back to the server. They may only be valid for a
     particular resource or set of resources. Populated by the system.
     Read-only. Value must be treated as opaque by clients and . More info:

   selfLink <string>
     SelfLink is a URL representing this object. Populated by the system.

   uid      <string>
     UID is the unique in time and space value for this object. It is typically
     generated by the server on successful creation of a resource and is not
     allowed to change on PUT operations. Populated by the system. Read-only.
     More info: http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/identifiers#uids

[alvin@k8s1 ~]$


那如果是更深一点的字段呢? 比如pods.spec.containers.livenessProbe

[alvin@k8s1 ~]$ kubectl explain pods.spec.containers.livenessProbe
KIND:     Pod

RESOURCE: livenessProbe <Object>

     Periodic probe of container liveness. Container will be restarted if the
     probe fails. Cannot be updated. More info:

     Probe describes a health check to be performed against a container to
     determine whether it is alive or ready to receive traffic.

   exec     <Object>
     One and only one of the following should be specified. Exec specifies the
     action to take.

   failureThreshold <integer>
     Minimum consecutive failures for the probe to be considered failed after
     having succeeded. Defaults to 3. Minimum value is 1.

   httpGet  <Object>
     HTTPGet specifies the http request to perform.

   initialDelaySeconds      <integer>
     Number of seconds after the container has started before liveness probes
     are initiated. More info:

   periodSeconds    <integer>
     How often (in seconds) to perform the probe. Default to 10 seconds. Minimum
     value is 1.

   successThreshold <integer>
     Minimum consecutive successes for the probe to be considered successful
     after having failed. Defaults to 1. Must be 1 for liveness. Minimum value
     is 1.

   tcpSocket        <Object>
     TCPSocket specifies an action involving a TCP port. TCP hooks not yet

   timeoutSeconds   <integer>
     Number of seconds after which the probe times out. Defaults to 1 second.
     Minimum value is 1. More info: